A road is a hard, flat surface for vehicles, people and animals to travel on it may also be described as a lane that leads to certain destination. The road plays an important part in everyone’s life and the society as a whole, the road is used everyday for a variety of reasons, but how are these roads constructed? The making of road is a very thorough process that requires lot of planning, before the construction actually begins. The planning process, this process if done effectively will determine if the road will be constructed properly, in order for a road to be constructed the road has to be surveyed. Survey crews will establish control lines, this requires setting reference points in landscapes areas to guide the construction criteria.
The area where the road is to be made should be cleared, staking is an effective way to insure compliance with the desired standards and to keep soil disturbances to an absolute minimal a specific goal of the road development is to establish description for road network development along with the more general location location needs. The pattern of the road network will govern the total area disturbed by road construction. Bushes and hydraulic tubing within the road allowance would be removed by tractors, bulldozers and forklifts. The officers would have to get permission to remove vegetation if the vegetation is private property. Most times when a road is being constructed ,there are representatives on site to provide answers to questions people may have, questions may be pertaining to noise pollution and other safety concerns, most times when constructing a road a design plan has to be made, this design plan will outline the structure of the road, where the road will begin and where it will end, the design plan should also contain the number of work to be completed, the time it will take to complete the road, as well as how many workers will be used as well as the machines that will be used to construct these roads. In creating the roads, concrete curb, and gutters as well as sidewalks will have to be made to border the roads, this is to protect vehicles as well as people on the road, as roads without borders may be harmful in the long run. It may even cause damages to the workers, if they do not have proper borders that allows for full safety. In constructing the road, contractors have to ensure they have the necessary equipment as well as materials need to produce the road. Materials used to make roads include,,sand and asphalt, those materials used to cover the base of the soil, then a thick layer of crushed gravel deposited on top of the base, gravel roads are typically built of width of 12 to 20 ft sand and clay are used to get the road constructed. When preparing the sub with materials, sand an clay does they job best, completed on a dry road be that has been plowed, whenever a road is being built a few measures have to be ideal for it to remain in good condition, this can be done by driving carefully on the road, also whenever potholes are formed on the road they should be filled quickly, so not to extend the damages. The flow of water on the road should be controlled and monitored as roads tend to get weaker when water is soaked, the water cause cracks in the road which damages it, and other vehicles that may run on the damage roads may be prone to accidents.